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Developing a Consensus Definition of Psychosocial Complexity in Cancer Patients Using Delphi Methods

原文:2021年 发布于 Palliative & Supportive Care 19卷 第1期 17-27 浏览量:29 原文链接

作者:

归属分类: 所属人体系统: 其他 | 分类:心理健康

关键词: Cancer Delphi Oncology Psychosocial Complexity Psyhcooncology Spirituality.

指南简介

Objective: Cancer is one of the biggest health challenges of our times, affecting all the personal areas of a patient. The interrelationships between these areas and the need for multidisciplinary care require the assessment of psychosocial complexity in cancer patients. The main aim of this study was to reach a consensus on the general definition of psychosocial complexity in cancer and its main elements according to the experts in the field.

Method: A Delphi study was performed, which first involved a comprehensive review of the literature to create a questionnaire that was validated by two expert panels. The first panel consisted of intra-institutional experts, while the second included extra-institutional experts in the field. The study included three more rounds: (1) validation of the questionnaire by the internal panel, (2) discussion of the results and resolving discrepancies, and (3) validation of the questionnaire by the external panel.

Results: After the four-round Delphi process, we obtained a consensus definition of psychosocial complexity in cancer patients, as well as of its main factors: medical-physical, social-family, psychological, and spiritual. A 21-indicators list and its 8-indicators brief version were also proposed as indicators of psychosocial complexity.

Significance of results: We present a definition of psychosocial complexity in cancer patients that has been agreed by experts, also establishing its four factors: medical-physical, social-family, psychological, and spiritual. This has led to the development of a list of indicators (and its brief version) that, after a validation process, could help health professionals to identify patients with high psychosocial complexity to provide them an optimal care.